Solas of the Reformation
The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Reformation to summarize the Reformers’ theological convictions about the essentials of Christianity.
1Sola Scriptura (Scripture Alone) Scripture alone serves as the authority for a believer's faith and practice. The pages of the Bible are nothing less than God's innerant word, revealing both the state of man and the mind of God. It proclaims the way of salvation and the purpose of life. (2 Timothy 3:16-17, Jude 1-3, Acts 17:11, Hebrews 4:12)
2Sola Christus (Christ Alone) Jesus Christ has accomplished everything needed for the salvation of sinners. By His perfect life, righteousness has been earned. By His sacrifical death, forgiveness is offered. Salvation is found in the person and work of Jesus Christ alone. (John 14:6, 1 Timothy 2:5-6, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Acts 4:12)
3Sola Fide (Faith Alone) Human works can accomplish nothing except condemnation. Salvation is granted to those who by faith place their trust in the perfect work of Jesus. As one repents of sin and places faith alone in Christ, life is found. (Romans 10:17, Romans 5:1-2, Romans 3:28, Galatians 2:16)
4Sola Gratia (Grace Alone) The granting of salvation is a free gift of God. Through grace alone does the Lord work in the lives of deadened sinners to bring about conviction and faith. Truly, spiritual life is an unmerited gift from start to finish. (Ephesians 2:8-9, Romans 6:23, 1 Peter 2:9, Acts 16:31)
5Sola Deo Gloria (To the Glory of God Alone) The end of mankind is found in the glory of God alone. In the kingdom to come, believers will look back and give all glory to God for their salvation. From beginning to end, the Lord is deserving of all praise. (Romans 11:36, 1 Corinthians 10:31, Matthew 5:16, Philippians 2:9-11)